Country: Somalia Region: Mogadishu
Date: 19/11/2011

The overall number of people in need of humanitarian assistance in Somalia is now 2.85 million. This means one in three Somalis is affected, a 19 per cent increase from 2.4 million reported in January 2011(FSNAU). The majority of the affected population is in the south, 61 per cent estimated to be over 1.7 million, where there is extremely limited food assistance due to insecurity. Due to the desperate situation of lack of food and limitations to response in much of the south a large numbers of people from Bay, Bakool and Lower Shabelle regions are now flocking into IDP camps in Mogadishu where they can access assistance. Pasture is depleted and cattle and goats are dying in large numbers, leaving thousands of animal carcasses littering the roadsides. A 30 to 35 per cent decline in cereal production is expected during the year due to the delayed ans sub normal rainfall of the Gu rains (March/April) in the south. Acute lack of food and water is going to be a major problem in Somalia for the rest of this year. High cereal prices continue to affect the country, increasing the cost of living and weakening people’s purchasing power. The high sea tide in the Indian Ocean between the months of Sep/Oct is also expected to decrease flow of sea trade further pushing the prices food and essential goods higher. Previously Al-Shabab has banned operation of aid agencies mostly in South central Somalia but due to intense dialogue with local community elders humanitarian space has been opened to Aid Agencies to operate freely in the affected areas. 

People’s access to food is affected by the pipeline breaks and significant funding shortfall experienced by WFP. The situation could further deteriorate in the south, if expanded interventions do not take place immediately. The food agency was only able to reach 33 per cent of the food needs in its areas of operation in May. In some areas, malnutrition is affecting over 30% of children, one of the highest rates in the world, a few cases of death have been reported through local radio stations. A recent nutrition survey conducted by FSNAU revealed a 15.2 per cent malnutrition rate in the capital Mogadishu. The main factors affecting the nutritional status of the population are: increased incidents of diarrheal and measles, reduced purchasing power of households, reduced livelihood opportunities due to the closure of Bakara Market, the increased presence of new groups of IDPs fleeing from the drought in other parts of Somalia, high cereal prices, displacement and limited access for humanitarian agencies Broad Objective: To mitigate the effect of drought on 32, 000 most affected population of Somalia through provision of basic food, water, health, psycho-social support and enhanced the capacity of local partners emergency response programme in coordination of humanitarian service. Project Summary: Objectives, outputs and main activities

Health and Nutrition:

Increase access to daily food ration to 16,000 vulnerable person affected by droughts and conflict in Somalia for 7 months 

Increase access to blanket supplementary feeding and nutritional supplement to 3,000 malnourished under 5 years children, Elderly, pregnant and lactating mothers in South Central Somalia for 7 months 

1.200 severely malnourished under 5 years and lactating mothers reached by Therapeutic feeding centre for 7 months Increase access to primary health care to 32,000 vulnerable people affected by droughts and conflict for 7 months

Water, Sanitation and Hygiene:

Increase access to safe drinking water to 16,000 vulnerable population affected by droughts and conflict in Somalia for 4 months 

Increase access to sanitation facility and hygiene promotion service to 32,000 vulnerable persons in IDP camps and host communities in Somalia 

To Provide emergency repair kits and build capacities for borehole operators to sustainably maintain 14 host community water systems 

To protect environment and promote better hygiene and sanitation.


Provide post drought livelihood recovery farm inputs to 1,000 agro-pastoral farmers before onset of short rains 

Rebuild the livelihood of 500 pastoralist household through restocking programme 

To improve household income of affected 500 female-headed household beneficiaries

Education and Protection:

Increase access to psycho-social support programme to IDP victims of drought and conflict 

Enhance the dignity rights to 5,000 women through decent clothing support 

Increase access to dignified shelter and NFIs to 16,000 new IDPs affected by droughts and conflict 

Increase access and avail emergency conducive learning environment to 2,000 children affected by droughts and conflict situation 

enhance the capacity of IDP camp committees in Emergency management and community based disaster risk reduction(CMDRR)

Direct Beneficiaries:

Nutrition & Health- 32,000 

Water, Sanitation and Hygiene- 32,000 


Education and Protection-16,000 

N/B. Target beneficiaries will cut across throughout our interventions

Project Start Date: 1st August 2011

Project Duration: 12 months


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